Medical Terminology

Arthritis (ɑːʳθraɪtɪs) inflammation of joints due to infectious, metabolic, or
constitutional causes
osteophyte (ˈɑstioʊˌfaɪt) a small bony outgrowth
gonitis gō-ˈnīt-əs inflammation of the knee
gout (gaʊt) a metabolic disease marked by a
painful inflammation of the joints,
deposits of urates in and around the joints, and usually an excessive amount of uric acid in the blood
tennis elbow (ˈtɛnɪs ˈɛlˌboʊ) inflammation and pain over the
outer side of the elbow usually resulting from excessive strain on and twisting of the forearm.
frozen shoulder A frozen shoulder is one that has become stuck and limited in movement.
dislocated joint an injury in which the ends of one's bones are forced from their normal positions
sprain (spreɪn) a sudden or violent twist of a joint with stretching or tearing of ligaments
laceration (ˌlæsərˈeɪʃən) a torn and ragged wound
bandage (ˈbændɪdʒ) a strip of fabric used especially to cover, dress, and bind up wounds
gauze (gɔz) a loosely woven cotton surgical dressing
walker (ˈwɔkər) a framework designed to support a person to walk.
crutch (krʌtʃ) a support typically fitting under the armpit for use by the disabled in walking
hot pad
cold pad
cast (kæst; kɑst) An orthopedic cast, or simply cast, is a shell, frequently made from plaster or fiberglass, that encases a limb (or, in some cases, large portions of the body) to stabilize and hold anatomical structures—most often a broken bone (or bones), in place until healing is confirmed.
sling (slɪŋ) An arm sling holds the forearm in a raised or horizontal position and can support an injured upper arm, forearm and wrist.
splint (splɪnt) material or a device used to protect and immobilize a body part (such as a broken arm)
ointment (ˈɔɪntmənt) a fatty substance applied to the skin for healing or cosmetic purposes; salve; unguent
infectious (ɪnˈfɛkʃəs) producing or capable of producing infection
tetanus (tetənəs) Tetanus is a serious painful disease
caused by bacteria getting into wounds.
pertussis (pəˈtʌsɪs) WHOOPING COUGH
measles (ˈmizəl) an acute contagious disease that is caused by a morbillivirus (species Measles morbillivirus) and is marked especially by an eruption of distinct red circular spots
rash (ræʃ) Rashes are abnormal changes in skin color or texture.
rabies (ˈreɪbiz) Rabies is a deadly virus spread to people from the saliva of infected animals such as a dog. The rabies virus is usually transmitted through a bite.
Smallpox (smɔlˌpɑks) an acute contagious febrile disease of humans that is caused by a poxvirus (species Variola virus of the genus Orthopoxvirus), is characterized by a skin eruption with pustules, sloughing, and scar formation, and is believed to have been eradicated globally by widespread vaccination.
hepatitis (ˌhɛpəˈtaɪtɪs) a disease or condition (such as hepatitis A or hepatitis B) marked by inflammation of the liver
emphysema (emfɪsiːmə) a condition of the lung marked by abnormal enlargement of the alveoli with loss of pulmonary elasticity that is characterized especially by shortness of breath and may lead to impairment of heart action
pneumonia (njuːmoʊniə) an acute disease that is marked by inflammation of lung tissue accompanied by infiltration of alveoli and often bronchioles with white blood cells (such as neutrophils) and fibrinous exudate, is characterized by fever, chills, cough, difficulty in breathing, fatigue, chest pain, and reduced lung expansion, and is typically caused by an infectious agent (such as a bacterium, virus, or fungus)
physiotherapist (fɪzioʊθerəpɪst) A physiotherapist, or physical therapist, works with patients to help them manage pain, balance, mobility, and motor function.
School note A written explanation for a one's absence from school.

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